WORLD WAR II
Carbine

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Record 618/959
Copyright Oshkosh Public Museum
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Description M1 Carbine, SN 808388, caliber .30 carbine. Gas-operated with rotary bolt that locks into 18" barrel. Manufactured by General Motors Inland Division in August 1943. 1" behind front sight the barrel is marked: "INLAND MFG. DIV. GENERAL MOTORS 8-43" Inland Manufacturing was a division of General Motors Corp. and was located in Dayton, Ohio. Front of receiver marked: "U.S. CARBINE CAL. 30M1", rear of receiver marked: "INLAND DIV. 808388." Safety in front of trigger guard. The carbine was fed by a 15 or 30 round clip. Magazine release is a button on the right side of receiver. American black walnut stock, phosphate finish on steel parts, slight wear on barrel muzzle. Receiver sight appears to be a replacement (non-original). The carbine has both sling swivels but no sling. In yellow paint on sling cut-out on butt stock is "bo.26" (?)

The M1 carbine was developed in 1941 by Winchester Repeating Arms Co. as a option for the Colt 1911A1 pistol since the carbine was easier for soldiers to master than the 1911 .45ACP pistol. By the time the war ended in 1945, some 6 million carbines had been manufactured by ten different contractors. Inland Manufacturing produced 43% of the total production of carbines during World War II. The short, lightweight carbine was handy and was carried by both support and combat troops. Some combat troops disliked the carbine because the M1 carbine round was not as powerful as the .30-06 of the M1 Garand, although they appreciated the carbine's light weight and short length.

The M1 carbine was produced in great numbers during WWII. After WWII, the M1 carbine continued in use through the Korean War and also saw limited use during the Vietnam War.

Storage location: Magazine only; carbine on exhibit.
Dimensions L-35.5 inches
Event World War II
Year range to 1943
Made Inland Division/General Motors Corporation
Material Metal/Wood
Object ID 2002.108.1
Object Name Carbine
Place of Origin Dayton, OH
Related Publications Larson, Bradley G. "Voices of History 1941-1945". Oshkosh Public Museum, 2003.
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Last modified on: December 12, 2009