WORLD WAR I
Guard Detachment from Co. B, 801st Pioneer Inf.

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Record 405/678
Copyright Oshkosh Public Museum
Image
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Collection World War I
Copyright Oshkosh Public Museum
Description Gelatin print of "Guard Detachment from Co. B, 801st Pioneer Inf."
Year Range from 1919
Event World War I
Film Size 4" x 5"
Year range to 1919
Medium Photographic Paper
Neg # 23332
Notes Outdoor view of the Guard Detachment from Company B, 801st Pioneer Infantry. The image shows eighteen African-American soldiers in uniform holding their Model 1917 Rifles at "Port, ARMS"; four non-commissioned officers are standing at right wearing pistol belts. They are standing in front of the guard house at Camp President Lincoln near Brest, France. The United States military was segregated during World War I. African-Americans were frequently commanded by white officers. Many of these men were assigned to Pioneer Infantry regiments and worked in the rear areas building roads and bridges.
Dio Edgar Dunham was born in Oshkosh, WI on January 21, 1892. He was the son of James W. and Emma Norton Dunham. His father owned a variety store on Main Street, which became the Dunham-Fulton Gun Company. In 1916, Dio was teaching at the Manual Training School in Oshkosh. In 1917 he enlisted in the United States Army and was one of eight Oshkosh men accepted into the Officers Training School at Fort Sheridan, IL and graduated as a Second Lieutenant of Infantry. On December 15, 1917 he was assigned as a white officer and 1st Lieutenant in the 804th Pioneer Infantry (African Americans). In the 1919 Oshkosh City Directory he is listed as serving in the US Army. He was living in Duluth, MN in 1920 and was teaching in a public school. In 1930 he was still teaching and was living in Detroit, MI with his wife and two children. He died in Livonia, MI on July 20, 1974.
Object ID P2005.17
Object Name Print, Photographic
People Dunham, Dio Edgar
Place Brest, France
Print size 5" x 7"
Subjects Group Photographs
Male
World War I
Soldiers
Guardhouses
Guards
Military camps
Afro-Americans
Segregation
Title Guard Detachment from Co. B, 801st Pioneer Inf.
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Last modified on: December 12, 2009