THE CIVIL WAR
Hat

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Record 251/294
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Description M1858 Uniform Hat or "Hardee Hat": constructed of rabbit and other fur fiber(s) black felt; 7 5/8" conical shaped crown, flat on top; 3 1/4" brim with double rows of 7 1/2 stitches per inch on the edge (torn on left side by eagle pin); black silk 1/4" grosgrain ribbon hatband at the base of the crown with an applied bow; interior has a pasted oil cloth label with, "U.S.A. / No. 8 / 7" printed in gold ink on black; black leather sweatband 2 1/2" wide with embossed cross-hatching (loose and unstitched) and white ribbon bow at back. A sky blue wool (infantry) hat cord with two twists; slide adjustment and tassels is on the base of the crown; a stamped brass infantry horn is attached with wire loops and leather thong to the front with a stamped letter "E" attached with wire loops and leather thong above; stamped brass Eagle hat pin attached to the left side of the crown. Two perforations on side of hat where plume would have been attached (not present).

The donor had two brothers who served in Company E, 2nd Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. Only Horace Bedient returned home alive.

Horace L. Bedient was born in New York on April 13, 1842, the eldest child of William and Esther Bedient. He moved with the family to Wisconsin in 1844 and settled in Algoma in 1848. Horace enlisted in Company E, 2nd Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry in Oshkosh on June 19, 1861. He was 5'7" tall; light complexion; blues; brown hair; and a farmer. He was present at the skirmish at Blackburn's Ford. He was discharged for medical disability after contracting measles on December 30, 1861 at Camp Tillingast, Virginia. In 1868 he was working in Oshkosh as a tinsmith. He went into business with a man named Schneider in 1870 and had a shop at 115 main St., in 1873 he owned the shop by himself. 1876 - 1882 he owned a hardware shop at 189 Main, 1883 - 1885 he was located at 207 main, and from 1886 - 1888 he was at 179 main. He was a member of Grand Army of the Republic Post No. 10 in Oshkosh in 1888. In 1890 he was suffering from lung disease resulting from his measles in the army. He died July 24, 1899 and is buried at Ellenwood Cemetery.
Dimensions H-7 Dia-14 inches
Year Range from 1858
Event Civil War
Year range to 1861
Material Fur/Felt/Wool/Leather/Silk/Brass/Steel/Cotton
Object ID 759-3
Object Name Hat
People Bedient, Horace L.
Related Publications "Iron Brigade Hats". Cross, Scott. America's Civil War, March 2007.
"Now Showing: The M1858 Uniform Hat". Cross, Scott. Midwest Open Air Museums Magazine, Vol. XXI, No. 1, Spring 2000.
Oshkosh Public Museum Museumemo, Winter 1999.
COPYRIGHT INFORMATION ~ For access to this image, contact scross@ci.oshkosh.wi.us

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Last modified on: December 12, 2009