THE CIVIL WAR
Belt, Sword

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Record 249/294
Copyright Oshkosh Public Museum
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Description Black leather folded construction officer's sword belt with four rows of horizontal stitching; leather half disk shaped leather protector on left with two leather loops and brass rings (one missing) for the shoulder strap (which is missing as is the leather slide for the other end); leather keeper and brass waist adjustment buckle; gilt brass officers' eagle buckle; brass latch on other end with protective leather flap behind. Both buckle and hook are stamped '10' to show they match.

Used by either 2nd Lieutenant Heman B. Jackson or 2nd Lieutenant Benjamin Smith.

Heman B. Jackson was born circa 1838 at Ohio. His obituary provided his birth as July 24, 1837 at Naperville, Illinois. He studied law and then removed to Oshkosh, Winnebago County in April 1859 as a young practicing attorney. He was listed in the 1860 federal census as a lawyer residing with the family of James Freeman in the first ward of the city of Oshkosh. Heman resided at Oshkosh when he enlisted there on April 21, 1861. He was assigned as a Private in Company E, 2nd Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry and he was commissioned as 2nd Lieutenant of that company on April 23, 1861. Heman resigned his commission on August 5, 1861 due to a disability. He was married in Winnebago County on May 14, 1862 to Annette L. Harwood of Oshkosh. Heman was listed in 1868 as a partner in the firm of Jackson & Halsey and residing at 12 High Street in Oshkosh. Heman was listed in the veteran section of the 1885 Wisconsin State census at P.O. Oshkosh. He was listed in 1888 as a member of GAR Post #241 at Oshkosh. Heman was listed in the 1890 federal census as residing in the town of Oshkosh at P.O. Oshkosh. He was listed in an 1899 article by Col. Harshaw as residing at Chicago, Illinois.

Benjamin Smith was born in England in July 1837. The family immigrated to Wisconsin prior to 1855 and were living in Greenbay in 1860. He listed his residence as Westford, Dodge County when he enlisted in Beaver Dam on April, 22, 1861. He was assigned as a Private in Company D, 5th Regiment Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry. Benjamin was promoted to Corporal and Sergeant in that company. He was promoted to Commissary Sergeant of that regiment on October 10, 1863. He was transferred to the 5th (reorganized) Regiment, Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry on July 13, 1864. Benjamin was promoted to Quartermaster Sergeant of that regiment on November 1, 1864. He was reassigned to Comany B in that reorganized regiment when he was promoted to 1st Sergeant in that company. He was then commissioned as 2nd Lieutenant of that company on December 13, 1864. He was slightly wounded on April 2, 1865 during the Assault on Petersburg, VA. Benjamin was mustered out on June 20, 1865, while the rest of the regiment was mustered out July 11, 1865. In the 1870 US Census he is listed as a Mail Agent in Milwaukee with his wife Caroline and two sons, the eldest born circa 1865. He is listed in 1880 in the "Wisconsin Soldiers and Sailors Reunion Roster" as living in Oshkosh, WI. In the 1880 US Census he lists his occupation as commercial travelor, age 42, born in England, and living with his wife Carroline A. Smith and children: Arthur P.; Barton D.; and Bennett K. Smith. He was listed in the 1890 federal census as residing in the city of Oshkosh, Winnebago County. That same year he applied for an Invalid Soldier's Pension. He was listed in the veteran section of the 1895 Wisconsin State census at P.O. Oshkosh. In 1900 he and Caroline were living in the 7th Ward in Oshkosh, where he listed his occupation as retired. A Benjamin Smith died in Milwaukee, Wi on April 15, 1901. Caroline A. Smith applied for a widows pension on April 22. He does not appear in the 1905 Wisconsin Veterans Census.
Dimensions W-1.5 L-42 inches
Event Civil War
Year range to 1865
Material Leather/Brass/Cotton/Gilt
Object ID 5644A
Object Name Belt, Sword
People Jackson, Heman B.
Smith, Benjamin
Used Jackson, Heman B./Smith, Benjamin
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Last modified on: December 12, 2009