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Description 
One pair officers shoulder straps: blue velvet wool (indicating infantry branch of service) with gold bullion wire border and gold bullion wire Captain's double bars on each end and silver bullion wire "MS" (Medical Service) in Gothic letters in the center. This is the rank for 1st Assistant Surgeon, the rank Thomas P. Russell held while serving with the 1st Wisconsin Volunteer Cavalry. Thomas Pember Russell, Jr. was born on Apr. 19, 1827 at Bethel, Vermont. He was a son of Thomas Pember and Martha Russell. Thomas Jr. was listed in the 1860 census as a physician residing in the first ward of the city of Oshkosh. Sophia, his wife, was born circa 1830 at New York. Thomas W., their son, was born circa 1858 at Wisconsin. He was the only one of their three children to reach majority age. Thomas Jr. graduated from the Vermont Medical College in 1852. He practiced for two years at Weston, Vermont and then removed to Oshkosh. His wife of several years, Myra F. Edgerton, died at Oshkosh about 1856. Thomas was then married in 1856 to Sophia M. Edgerton, a cousin of Benjamin Edgerton of Oshkosh. Thomas Jr. enlisted at Oshkosh and was commissioned as 1st Assistant Surgeon of the 2nd Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry on May 10, 1861. He resigned his commission in July 1861. On May 2, 1862 he reenlisted as 1st Assistant Surgeon of the 1st Wisconsin Volunteer Cavalry. He resigned on November 29, 1862. In 1868 he was listed as Thomas P. Russell Jr., a physician residing at 12 Algoma Street in Oshkosh. Thomas was listed in the veteran section of the 1885 Wisconsin State census at P.O. Oshkosh. He was listed in 1888 as a member of GAR Post #10 at Oshkosh. He was listed in the 1890 federal census as residing in Oshkosh. Sophia died in Oshkosh on Dec. 14, 1904. Thomas was listed in 1905 as a physician and surgeon residing at 26 Algoma Street in Oshkosh. Son Thomas was also residing there. After an illness of just one day, Thomas died at his home in Oshkosh on Oct. 5, 1917. He is buried there in Riverside Cemetery.
Strap, Shoulder -THE CIVIL WAR -Copyright Oshkosh Public Museum
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Last modified on: December 12, 2009