THE CIVIL WAR
Pipe

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Record 212/294
Copyright Oshkosh Public Museum
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Description Hand carved tobacco pipe bowl made from one piece of wood; U-shaped; elongated bowl with vertical ribs, flat rim; curved section extends from bowl bottom for stem.

Per loan record "1 hand carved briarwood pipe bowl" and original catalog card "made by a soldier while in Belle Island prison". Possibly made by Joseph Arnold while he was imprisoned at the Confederate prison, Belle Isle near Richmond, VA, from 1863 until March 7, 1864. However, a letter dated August 14, 1864 (which post dates Arnold's imprisonment) in which Arnold wrote "The tobacco I got the day before yesterday, as well as the root. I have searched for this type of root many a time, but could not find any thus far." This is a possible reference to a briarwood root that he used to carve this pipe.

Joseph Arnold was the son of Frederick and Margaret (Mack) Arnold, both from Bavaria, Frederick came to America in 1835 and married Margaret several years later, 1843 family moved to Milwaukee, WI, and in 1851 to Oshkosh. Frederick was employed as a soap and candle maker in 1857. Joseph was employed as a butcher according to the 1860 census. Joseph went to Milwaukee in April 1861 and enlisted in Company H, 1st Wisconsin Infantry (Three Months Regiment). He served in Virginia and saw action at the Battle of Falling Waters. He mustered out of service on August 15, 1861. Joseph reenlisted in Fond du Lac on August 15, 1862, as a sergeant in Company E, 26th Wisconsin Infantry (Seigel Regiment). He fought in the battles of Chancellorsville and Gettysburg (where he was captured on July 1, 1863) and was a prisoner of war at Belle Isle near Richmond, Virginia until March 7, 1864. He participated in the Atlanta Campaign, March to the Sea, and the March Through the Carolinas. He was promoted to 1st Lieutenant on February 11, 1865 and commanded the company as senior officer and briefly commanded Company H. He mustered out on June 13, 1865. After the war he operated a restaurant and bottled mineral water in Oshkosh. He married Matilda Moss on November 24, 1868 and raised four daughters. Arnold was active in the Grand Army of the Republic and was commander of the Phillip H. Sheridan Post #10 in Oshkosh. He died in 1898.
Dimensions H-2.5 W-1.75 L-3.25 inches
Dimension notes Bowl interior diameter 1", depth approximately 1.625", wall thickness 0.188 to 0.25". Stem interior diameter .5".
Year Range from 1861
Event Civil War
Year range to 1865
Made Arnold, Joseph
Material Wood
Object ID 2000.69.11
Object Name Pipe
Place of Origin Virginia
People Arnold, Joseph
Related Publications Haus der Bayerischen Geschichte (Centre for Bavarian History). "Good Bye Bayern Grub Gott America". 2004 exhibition catalog.
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Last modified on: December 12, 2009