THE CIVIL WAR
Letter from Hyronimous Merkley to John Heron

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Admin/Biog History MERKLEY, Hyronimous - Pvt., Company C, 1st Regiment, Wisconsin Heavy Artillery
Hyronimus was born on Sept. 28, 1837 at Wurtemburg, Germany. He was the eldest of twelve children born to John and Helena "Ellen" (Trueffner) Merkley. Both parents were born circa 1810, also at Wurtemburg. They emigrated to this country in 1846 and arrived at Racine, Wisconsin. After a year they removed to Winnebago County. They were listed in the 1850 and 1860 federal census as residing on a farm in the town of Vinland, Winnebago County. With them were the following children: Heronimus; James (Simon), born circa 1841 at Germany; Margaret, born circa 1843 at Germany, married in Winnebago County on Dec. 24, 1867 to David Byers; Mathew, born circa 1849 at Wisconsin, married in Winnebago County on Apr. 13, 1875 to Mary Guttmann; Mary Maria, born circa 1851 at Wisconsin, married in Winnebago County on Dec. 25, 1871 to Martin Cook; Elizabeth, born circa 1856 at Wisconsin; and John, born circa 1857 at Wisconsin, married in Winnebago County on July 21, 1877 to Ella Dorn. Helina Merkley died in the town of Vinland of general debility in Dec. 1894. John died there in 1905 at the age of 84 years. Both were Catholic by faith and they are buried at Neenah, Winnebago County. Hyronimous listed his residence as Neenah when he enlisted there on Sept. 28, 1863. Standing 5'6" tall, he had gray eyes, light hair and a light complexion. He was assigned as above and was mustered out at Nashville, Tennessee on Sept. 21, 1865. Hieronimous was married on Dec. 23, 1868 in Winnebago County to Margareth Schwarz. She was a daughter of Philip and Catherine (Spoe) Schwarz. Hyronimous and Margareth had a family of ten children: Susan, born on Oct. 23, 1869, died at age 23 years; Matilda, born on Mar. 6, 1871, married Joseph Renth of Milwaukee; Emma, born on Nov. 17, 1872, married to Herman Bear, resided in the town of Vinland; Laura, born on Nov. 24, 1873, resided at Milwaukee; John, born on Dec. 3, 1874, resided at Vinland; Josephine, born on Dec. 24, 1878, married in Winnebago County on Jan. 12, 1901 to John Halloran/Hollancher; Anna, born on May 13, 1880, married Emil H. Kaster, resided at Milwaukee; Frank, born on Oct. 7, 1883; William, born on Jan. 20, 1886; and Louis, born on May 4, 1888. Hyronimous was listed in 1883 at P.O. Neenah. He had then been receiving a pension of $8 per month since Feb. 1880 for an injury to his abdomen. Hyronimous was listed in the veteran section of the 1885, 1895 and 1905 Wisconsin State census at P.O. Neenah. He was listed in the 1890 federal census as residing in the town of Vinland at P.O. Neenah and suffering the effects of a rupture and piles as a result of his military service. Hyronimous and Margaret, his wife, were listed in 1905 as residing on 40 acres of section E-17 in the town of Vinland. John, William and Lewis Merkley were also listed as residing there.
Classification Archives
Collection Civil War Small Collections
Dates of Accumulation May 2, 1864
Abstract Letter from Hyronimous Merkley, Company C, 1st Wisconsin Heavy Artillery:

Fort Creighton
Chattanooga Tennessee
May 2, 1864

Dear Friend

I take my pen in hand to write you a few lines to let you know that I am well and enjoying good health and I hope that these few lines will find you in the same good health. The rest of the boys are all well and enjoying good health. I want to inform you that we are going to leave this fort next week, but we don't not know where we are going. There is some talk that we are going down town, and some say that we are going out with a south [bound] train to the front. I hope that we well go to the front, for I am tired staying here. It is getting very lonesome here. We have very good times here. We have plenty [to eat] (of such as it is), bread and sowbelly (as they call it here), and coffee, and tea, and rice, beans and beef and so forth. John, the girls and women are pretty scarce here and [are] hard specimens at that. I think that there is going to be some pretty hard fighting here in a few days. It is a pretty hard looking place here. We can see nothing but mountains here about. The trees are all in leaf and every thing looks green and nice. There is some of our boys gone up the river about four miles from here, there about. One of them, Ivan Jenkyns, was one of them that are guarding horses that are feeding on grass. They have a good time there. John, we have had some pretty hard times here. When we first came here, we had to live on three hardtack a day. We thought it [was] pretty hard the first night we had out of doors right on the side [of a] hill. And it was pretty cold and frosty. I thought it pretty hard, but I got soon used to it at last. We slept out of doors five nights. [At] the time of [the] fight, I was sick with the mumps, but I would go and see them fight. I tell you, that it looked pretty hard to see them fight. We could see it all from where we was. We helped all we could. We done some pretty good shooting the second day [of] the] fighting. Now I well close my letter with my love and no more at present. My love to you and your folks, and my best regards to you all. Give my best respects to Mr. Walls' folks and Mr. Worden's folks and I hope that you will answer this letter as soon as you can.
Event Civil War
Category 8: Communication Artifact
Legal Status Oshkosh Public Museum
Notes MERKLEY, Hyronimous - Pvt., Company C, 1st Regiment, Wisconsin Heavy Artillery
Hyronimus was born on Sept. 28, 1837 at Wurtemburg, Germany. He was the eldest of twelve children born to John and Helena "Ellen" (Trueffner) Merkley. Both parents were born circa 1810, also at Wurtemburg. They emigrated to this country in 1846 and arrived at Racine, Wisconsin. After a year they removed to Winnebago County. They were listed in the 1850 and 1860 federal census as residing on a farm in the town of Vinland, Winnebago County. With them were the following children: Heronimus; James (Simon), born circa 1841 at Germany; Margaret, born circa 1843 at Germany, married in Winnebago County on Dec. 24, 1867 to David Byers; Mathew, born circa 1849 at Wisconsin, married in Winnebago County on Apr. 13, 1875 to Mary Guttmann; Mary Maria, born circa 1851 at Wisconsin, married in Winnebago County on Dec. 25, 1871 to Martin Cook; Elizabeth, born circa 1856 at Wisconsin; and John, born circa 1857 at Wisconsin, married in Winnebago County on July 21, 1877 to Ella Dorn. Helina Merkley died in the town of Vinland of general debility in Dec. 1894. John died there in 1905 at the age of 84 years. Both were Catholic by faith and they are buried at Neenah, Winnebago County. Hyronimous listed his residence as Neenah when he enlisted there on Sept. 28, 1863. Standing 5'6" tall, he had gray eyes, light hair and a light complexion. He was assigned as above and was mustered out at Nashville, Tennessee on Sept. 21, 1865. Hieronimous was married on Dec. 23, 1868 in Winnebago County to Margareth Schwarz. She was a daughter of Philip and Catherine (Spoe) Schwarz. Hyronimous and Margareth had a family of ten children: Susan, born on Oct. 23, 1869, died at age 23 years; Matilda, born on Mar. 6, 1871, married Joseph Renth of Milwaukee; Emma, born on Nov. 17, 1872, married to Herman Bear, resided in the town of Vinland; Laura, born on Nov. 24, 1873, resided at Milwaukee; John, born on Dec. 3, 1874, resided at Vinland; Josephine, born on Dec. 24, 1878, married in Winnebago County on Jan. 12, 1901 to John Halloran/Hollancher; Anna, born on May 13, 1880, married Emil H. Kaster, resided at Milwaukee; Frank, born on Oct. 7, 1883; William, born on Jan. 20, 1886; and Louis, born on May 4, 1888. Hyronimous was listed in 1883 at P.O. Neenah. He had then been receiving a pension of $8 per month since Feb. 1880 for an injury to his abdomen. Hyronimous was listed in the veteran section of the 1885, 1895 and 1905 Wisconsin State census at P.O. Neenah. He was listed in the 1890 federal census as residing in the town of Vinland at P.O. Neenah and suffering the effects of a rupture and piles as a result of his military service. Hyronimous and Margaret, his wife, were listed in 1905 as residing on 40 acres of section E-17 in the town of Vinland. John, William and Lewis Merkley were also listed as residing there.
Object ID SC411.5.23.15
Object Name Letter
People Heron, John
Merkley, Hyronimous
Subjects Civil War
Soldiers
Artillery (Troops)
1st Wisconsin Heavy Artillery
Forts & fortifications
Food supply
Military cookery
Sick persons
Diseases
Title Letter from Hyronimous Merkley to John Heron
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