THE CIVIL WAR
Letter from William Jones to friends

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Admin/Biog History William Jones was born in March 1826. In 1850 he was living on the farm of his father-in-law, Isaac Leach in Wapun, Dodge County, Wisconsin. William was married to Martha Leach. She was born in Leon, Cattaraugus County New York in 1828. Her mother was Chloe Rideout Leach. William and Martha had several children: Charles; Clarissa; and Elthea "Ella" Jones. By 1855 the family had moved to a farm in Hortonia, Outagamie County, Wisconsin. William enlisted in Company I, 3rd Wisconsin Cavalry at Hortonia, Outagamie County, Wisconsin, as a sergeant on December 23, 1861. He was mustered out on February 17, 1865. Martha appears to have died prior to 1870 and William was remarried. William lived most of his life in Hortonia and was last listed in the 1900 US Census as a Justice of the Peace there. He does not appear in the 1905 Wisconsin Veterans Census or the Wisconsin State Census of 1905.
Classification Archives
Collection Civil War Small Collections
Dates of Accumulation July 28, 1862
Abstract Letter from Sergeant William Jones, Company I, 3rd Wisconsin Volunteer Cavalry, to his friends.

Carthage, Missouri, July 28 [1862]

Friends Dear,

Off down as I am in southwest Missouri, away from mails and civilization, I sit down in the house of a run-a-way Rebel. With my paper lying on the piano, to pen to you the events as they have come to my observation in Dixie Land. The way of the transgressor is hard. The way of treason is desolation and death. The condition of this country plainly shows the facts at this time. When [Governor] Jackson and his cohorts were thought to have taken Missouri out of the Union, every slave-holder used all the influence that they could command, to spread the envy and hatred, of which they have for freedom and the free people of the North, and to murder vindictively all among them who would not bow to the votaries, Slavery or court their favor, they organized their Hellish Bands and sent [them] through [the] land. Like Samson's Foxes, they ran from field to field, burning and destroying the property of Union men who fled for [their] lives to the brush. Many were murdered by this ruthless band, because they preferred the old Stars and Stripes to [the] Rattlesnake Flag. Many fled to the land of freedom, to Kansas.
Now the day of retribution has come for the oppressor, the murderer, [and] the traitor. The strong arm of the Federal Power is here, made bare, and the guilty, cowardly midnight assassin seeks for safety, where so lately he had driven his neighbor. But he cannot so well escape. The union men know all the haunts of the brush, and they are the guides of the Federal army. And we are hunting this class [of] brutes. We give no quarter to armed Rebels [and] Jayhawkers found in the brush. We have shot two [of them] dead. [We] killed one yesterday. [We] tied him to a tree and shot him. We wounded two more. [We] done all this in a week. I did not have any share in this, as I have been sick since we have been here. I am better now [and] expect to be in the saddle in a day or two [and] out bushwhacking.
This is a very nice rich country. [There] is prairie and timber, just about right, well watered, any amount of fruit, apples and peaches. Apples are ripe, the early varieties. The grapes mostly will be [illegible]. Very nice northern people have the ague here. The country looks lonesome. Now the houses are empty, the farms given over to weeds, [and] in almost every instance villages deserted. How long we shall stay here I don't know. Haven't heard any from the [Army of the] Potomac and Richmond for some time. [It] may be some time before [you get] this. I have got to send this sixty miles to mail it at Fort Scott. Carthage, you will remember, is the place where Siegel, with his little band of eleven hundred [soldiers], made a safe retreat from here and fifteen hundred Rebels amounting to a splendid victory. I must close this by saying I got this paper out of [a] Sesech account book, so good by for this time. Yours etc.

William Jones
I wrote to Ruth.
Event Civil War
Category 8: Communication Artifact
Legal Status Oshkosh Public Museum
Notes Sergeant William Jones, Company I, 3rd Wisconsin Cavalry (Not to be confused with William B. Jones of the same company) enlisted from Hortonia on December 23, 1861. He mustered out on February 17, 1865 upon the expiration of his term of service. In 1895 he is listed in the Wisconsin Veterans Census at PO Hortonville, Wisconsin. He is not listed in 1905.
Object ID SC411.5.58.3
Object Name Letter
People Jones, William
Subjects Civil War
Soldiers
Cavalry
3rd Wisconsin Volunteer Cavalry
Campaigns & battles
Secession
Rebellions
Rebels
Guerrillas
Traitors
Executions
Executioners
Military occupations
Slavery
Hiding
Fruit
Apples
Peaches
Grapes
Abandoned buildings
Abandoned farms
Title Letter from William Jones to friends
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Last modified on: December 12, 2009