THE CIVIL WAR
Charles R. Nevitt Collection

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Admin/Biog History This collection spans the brief lifetime of Company E, 5th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment (reorganized), from September 1864 until June 1865. It consists of reports, inventories, official correspondence, and other paperwork produced as the Company took part in the Civil War. Included are the complete Muster and Descriptive Rolls and the Muster-Out Rolls for the entire company. Among the more interesting and unique items in this collection are several pay vouchers for soldiers and officers, as well as a list of company members who purchased their government-issued muskets at the end of the war. Included among the paperwork are a sutler's paybook and the company's roll book, sick book, and memorandum book. Photographs of Nevitt, other members of Company E, and several members of the Sixth Maine are located in the Charles Nevitt Civil War Photograph Collection (P1999.1).
Charles R. Nevitt was born August 27, 1825 in Stafford, Genesee County, New York to Robert and Lydia (Fairfield). In 1839 he became aprenticed to a local newspaper publisher and remained in that trade for twenty years. In 1852 Nevitt began printing his own paper, The Young Hickory. He was married in 1852 in Beffalo, NY to Elizabeth B. Gardner and they had four sons all born in Oshkosh, Wisconsin: Robert H.; Charles, Sr.; William J.; and John. He moved to Oshkosh in 1853 and purchased half of the Oshkosh Courier. He sold that half in 1857 and opened a drug and grocery store, which burned down in the fire of May 1859. One year later Nevitt began printing the Weekly Northwestern, along with three business associates; in January 1861 the paper became the Daily Northwestern. Nevitt gave up his part of the paper when, in August 1864, Wisconsin Governor James T. Lewis offerred him a commission as an officer in the reorganized 5th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment. As a captain of Company E, Nevitt left the state for Washington, DC in October 1864. By December, the regiment was stationed in the trenches outside of Petersburg, VA. They fought in the March 25, 1865 battle outside the city and, on April 2, helped push the Confederate Army out. Nevitt and his men took part in the pursuit of General Lee's forces until his surrender on April 9. The Company returned to Madison on June 20 and were mustered out of service. After the war Nevitt returned to Oshkosh and became involved in real estate, insurance, and loans. His wife Elizabeth died in 1871 and he married Martha Ely Green in Oshkosh on September 15, 1872. He was married a third time to Athlinda Fullmer in 1883. He was a well-known and respected figure in the city until his death on November 16, 1907.
Classification Archives
Collection Charles R. Nevitt Collection
Dates of Accumulation 1864 - 1865
Abstract Archival Collection consisting of 0.6 cubic feet and one over-size box of official papers of Company E, Fifth Wisconsin Volunteer Regiment (reorganized). Materials include Roll Book, Sick Book, Memorandum Book, Sutler's Paybook, Muster Rolls, Pay Vouchers, Hospital Records, Clothing, Camp, and Garrison Equipment Records, Ordnance Store Records, and Muster-Out Rolls.

Box Folder Title
1 1 Sutler's Account Sheet, nd.
2 Regimental Orders, January 20, 1865; May 8, 1865.
3 Brigade Orders, November 1864-April 1865.
4 Division Order, February 16, 1865.
5 War Department Orders, April 1, 1865; May 10, 1865.
6 Correspondence: Cover letters for monthly equipment reports, November
1864-June 1865.
7 Correspondence: Miscellaneous, November 1864-April 1865.
8-9 Correspondence: Received, October 1864-November 1865.
10 Ordnance Supplies Lists, December 1864; June 30, 1865.
11-13 Clothing, Camp, and Garrison Equipage Lists, September 1864- May
1865.
14-15 Certificates of Equipment Losses, December 1864-July 1865.
16 Miscellaneous Materials.
17 Invoice of Ordnance and Ordnance Store Forms No. 2 b., October &
December 1864; March & May, 1865.
18 Issues or Transfers of Ordnance Stores Forms No. 3 A., March 24, 31,
1865.
19 Issues or Transfers of Ordnance Stores Form No. 7 a., December 1864;
May 1865.
20 Abstract of Materials Form No. 9 a., 4th Quarter 1864; 1st Quarter 1865.
21 Abstract of Materials Form No. 10 c., 2nd Quarter 1865.
22 List of Clothing, Camp, and Garrison Equipage Form No. 27, November
1864-June 1865.
23 Special Requisition Forms No. 40, nd.
24 Monthly Return of Clothing, Camp, and Garrison Equipage Forms No. 51,
October 1864-June 1865.
25 Requisitions for Parts of Springfield Muskets to Specify Model, Circular
No. 42 (1864), August 6, 1864.
26 Reports of men on Extra Special or Daily Duty, February 18, 1865.
27-31 Hospital Records, 1864-1865.
32 Roster Lists, December 1864.
33-34 Pay Vouchers, 1865.
35 Roll Book, 1864-1865.
36 Sick Book, 1864-1865.
Box Folder Title
2 37 Sutler's Paybook, 1864-1865.
38 Memorandum Book, 1864-1865.
Box Folder Title
3 39 Quarterly Return of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores From No. 1 b., 4th
Quarter 1864-2nd Quarter 1865.
40 Inventory and Inspection Report of Unserviceable Ordnance and Ordnance Stores Form No. 13/10 & 11 b., March 11 & May 12, 1865.
41 Inventory and Inspection Report of Company Property, March 11 & 16,
1865.
42 Inventory and Inspection Report of Quarter Master's Stores, February
1865.
43 Statement of Ordnance and Ordnance Stores Form No. 14, 2nd Quarter
1865.
44. List of Clothing, Camp, and Garrison Equipage Issued or Transferred
Form No. 27, October 1864; January-February & May 1865.
45. List of Quartermaster's Stores Transferred, February 4, 1865.
46. List of Articles Lost or Destroyed in the Public Service Form No. 43,
December 1864; February 1865.
47. Clothing Allowance Forms No. 52, October 1864-June 1865.
48. Inventory and Inspection Report of Camp and Garrison Equipage, May-June 1865.
49. List of Stores Expended, June 1865.
50. Monthly Company Returns, December 1864-May 1865.
51. Consolidated Morning Reports, 1864; January & May 1865.
52. Volunteer Descriptive Lists and Accounts of Pay and Clothing.
53. Muster and Descriptive Rolls.
54. Muster Rolls.
55. Muster-Out Rolls.
Event Civil War
Category 8: Communication Artifact
Notes Charles R. Nevitt was born August 27, 1825 in Stafford, Genesee County, New York to Robert and Lydia (Fairfield). In 1839 he became aprenticed to a local newspaper publisher and remained in that trade for twenty years. In 1852 Nevitt began printing his own paper, The Young Hickory. He was married in 1852 in Beffalo, NY to Elizabeth B. Gardner and they had four sons all born in Oshkosh, Wisconsin: Robert H.; Charles, Sr.; William J.; and John. He moved to Oshkosh in 1853 and purchased half of the Oshkosh Courier. He sold that half in 1857 and opened a drug and grocery store, which burned down in the fire of May 1859. One year later Nevitt began printing the Weekly Northwestern, along with three business associates; in January 1861 the paper became the Daily Northwestern. Nevitt gave up his part of the paper when, in August 1864, Wisconsin Governor James T. Lewis offerred him a commission as an officer in the reorganized 5th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry Regiment. As a captain of Company E, Nevitt left the state for Washington, DC in October 1864. By December, the regiment was stationed in the trenches outside of Petersburg, VA. They fought in the March 25, 1865 battle outside the city and, on April 2, helped push the Confederate Army out. Nevitt and his men took part in the pursuit of General Lee's forces until his surrender on April 9. The Company returned to Madison on June 20 and were mustered out of service. After the war Nevitt returned to Oshkosh and became involved in real estate, insurance, and loans. His wife Elizabeth died in 1871 and he married Martha Ely Green in Oshkosh on September 15, 1872. He was married a third time to Athlinda Fullmer in 1883. He was a well-known and respected figure in the city until his death on November 16, 1907.
Object ID RG2
Object Name Record Group
People Nevitt, Charles R.
Related unit of descrip Photographs from album, P1999.1
Subjects Civil War
Soldiers
Officers
5th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry
Title Charles R. Nevitt Collection
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Last modified on: December 12, 2009