THE CIVIL WAR
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Admin/Biog History Joseph Arnold was the son of Frederick and Margaret (Mack) Arnold, both from Bavaria, Frederick came to America in 1835 and married Margaret several years later, 1843 family moved to Milwaukee, WI, and in 1851 to Oshkosh. Frederick was employed as a soap and candle maker in 1857. Joseph was employed as a butcher according to the 1860 census. Joseph went to Milwaukee in April 1861 and enlisted in Company H, 1st Wisconsin Infantry (Three Months Regiment). He served in Virginia and saw action at the Battle of Falling Waters. he mustered out of service on August 15, 1861. Joseph reenlisted in Fond du Lac on Augst 15, 1862, as a sergeant in Company E, 26th Wisconsin Infantry (Seigel Regiment). He fought in the battles of Chancellorsville and Gettysburg (where he was captured on July 1, 1863) and was a prisoner of war at Belle Isle near Richmond, Virginia until March 7, 1864. He participated in the Atlanta Campaign, March to the Sea, and the March Through the Carolinas. He was promoted to 1st Lieutenant on February 11, 1865 and commanded the company as senior officer and briefly commanded Company H. He musterd out on June 13, 1865. After the war he operated a restaurant and bottled mineral water in Oshksoh. He married Matilda Moss on November 24, 1868 and raised four daughters. Arnold was active in the Grand Army of the Republic and was commander of the Phillip H. Sheridan Post #10 in Oshkosh. His widow loaned the artifacts, photographs, and archival material to the museum at an unspecified date.
Classification Archives
Collection Joseph Arnold Collection
Dates of Accumulation June 16, 1864
Abstract Letter written by Joseph Arnold to his family in Oshkosh, Wisconsin. Joseph was now a member of the 26th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry when he wrote this letter. He describes in this letter the trench warfare during the Atlanta, Georgia Campaign.

[Joseph Arnold Letter Translated from German]

On Battle Field near A[illegible] , Georgia
June 16, 1864

God be with you, dear parents and siblings. I am seizing this opportunity to write a few lines to you. I sent you a letter the day before yesterday. I could not write much, however, since it was all in a hurry. I rejoined the regiment on the 12th. We lay behind the breastworks, but yesterday we moved. And in the evening, as we lay in the bush, the Rebs began to shell us, and Sergeant Herrmann, from our company, who came to Oshkosh last Winter, was hit in the leg by a shell. One passed over my head at about two feet and exploded six feet behind me. It did not hurt me though.

The fire has been going day and night ever since I arrived. We built breastworks today, and are now positioned in support of a battery. Casper Brükner, formerly our Orderly Sergeant, is first Lieutenant of our company now. Major Winkler is in command of the regiment.
I must close, for night is falling, and the fire is going heavily again. I am all right for now.
I am closing with the hope that these lines find you well.
Your son and brother
Joseph

Send my regards to all those who know me.
It was not wise of George Wilke to enlist again.
Event Civil War
Category 8: Communication Artifact
Legal Status Oshkosh Public Museum
Notes Joseph Arnold was the son of Frederick and Margaret (Mack) Arnold, both from Bavaria, Frederick came to America in 1835 and married Margaret several years later, 1843 family moved to Milwaukee, WI, and in 1851 to Oshkosh. Frederick was employed as a soap and candle maker in 1857. Joseph was employed as a butcher according to the 1860 census. Joseph went to Milwaukee in April 1861 and enlisted in Company H, 1st Wisconsin Infantry (Three Months Regiment). He served in Virginia and saw action at the Battle of Falling Waters. he mustered out of service on August 15, 1861. Joseph reenlisted in Fond du Lac on Augst 15, 1862, as a sergeant in Company E, 26th Wisconsin Infantry (Seigel Regiment). He fought in the battles of Chancellorsville and Gettysburg (where he was captured on July 1, 1863) and was a prisoner of war at Belle Isle near Richmond, Virginia until March 7, 1864. He participated in the Atlanta Campaign, March to the Sea, and the March Through the Carolinas. He was promoted to 1st Lieutenant on February 11, 1865 and commanded the company as senior officer and briefly commanded Company H. He musterd out on June 13, 1865. After the war he operated a restaurant and bottled mineral water in Oshksoh. He married Matilda Moss on November 24, 1868 and raised four daughters. Arnold was active in the Grand Army of the Republic and was commander of the Phillip H. Sheridan Post #10 in Oshkosh. His widow loaned the artifacts, photographs, and archival material to the museum at an unspecified date.
Object ID RG1.9
Object Name Letter
People Arnold, Joseph
Subjects Civil War
Campaigns & battles
26th Wisconsin Volunteer Infantry
Fighting
Battlefields
Casualties
Trench warfare
Title Letter
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Last modified on: December 12, 2009