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Record 173/261
Description 
Ledger book containing poems and a Diary written by James Sanderson. It includes a detailed account of his immigration from England to a farm in Black Wolf Township, Winnebago County, Wisconsin. The ledger also has detailed accounting of the purchases made by the family; prices for the sale of livestock and produce; family history; and poems. From Ledger: James Sanderson We set out from Liverpool on the morning of the 13 of May 1851 with 800 passengers on board but we could not get through the dock gates until evening the ship being about 8 inches short of water but she got out of the dock about 9 o clock that evening and then struck anchor about 3 miles up the river Mercy (Mersey) untill the next morning about 5 o clock. Then every passenger was called upon deck and the roll called over, and then the Officer's look all Cabin's and birth's over in the ship to see that there was none concealed that had not paid there passage out. They found about 18 concealed in the beds and different places in the ship they sent them all back with the steamer. Wednesday the Steamer took us 50 miles up the river and then left us. After that we did not make 1 mile in 6 or 7 hours but a good breeze of wind got up about 11 o clock that night and we sailed at a rapid rate, all that night and the following day she counted 10 miles an hour. The following day the wind blew so strong from the south west that it took us out of the right course we got near to a mountain in Wales but when the wind altered they tacked the ship right around. The last land we saw was on the Friday after we sailed from the port it was on the Irish Coast when we were sailing down Holy Head. The Sunday after we set out we met with a pilot boat which had lost her course she had been blown out from Brandy Island the Captain gave her the right course to steer and she put out to sea again. We often saw as far as half a dozen vessels at a time but nothing particular occurred until the 12 day when seven men came with a boat with 2 Captains in it they came for the Newspapers one came from Cairo in Egypt and the other from Calcutta. That day we had 17 ships in view at once on the 1 of June about 12 o clock we had a thunder storm which continued about 4 hours the ship reeling from one side to the other boxes tumbling about water bottles spilled and pots breaking some cursing others praying and some fainting away of course I never saw finer sport in all my life on Monday the 2 night we had a hurricane which continued about 4 hours when all the Sailors were called on deck they too all the royal and topsails down and let the ship roll about, but it ws soon over it was awful grand to look upon, nothing more occurred worth mentioning until Sunday the 8 of June it was the heaviest sea we had encountered, we lost 1 young man overboard he was leaning over the bulwarks across one of the ropes which was attached to one of the sails it being a strong wind at the time and the sail slack he was thrown overboard in an instant the waves rolling strong at the time one man saw him rise once and then he sunk to rise no more we all arrived at New York on the 16th of June all in good health
Diary -PIONEERS AND IMMIGRANTS -Copyright Oshkosh Public Museum
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Last modified on: December 12, 2009