SUFFRAGE MOVEMENT AND WOMEN'S HISTORY
Button, Political

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Description Button from Jessie Jack Hooper's campaign on the Independent Democratic Party ticket for U. S. Senate against Robert M. La Follette in 1922. Name: "HOOPER" White background with blue circumference and equator. On reverse: "Authorized by Mrs. Hooper's Campaign Committee, 244 St. Charles St., Wauwatosa, Wis." Identical to 6487-1687 and I02.5.21.12. Celluloid on paper on steel. Pin-back.

Jessie Annette Jack Hooper, suffragist and politician, was born on a farm in Iowa in 1864, the daughter of David and Mary Nellings Jack. About 1883, her sister, Florence Jack, married Merrick Joel Peck of Oshkosh, WI. While visiting Oshkosh, Jesse met and later married Oshkosh lawyer Ben Hooper on May 30, 1888, in the city of New Hampton, IA. She states in her autobiography:

"Mr. Hooper was probably in favor of woman's suffrage before he was married, for almost immediately afterward, at his suggestion, it became his practice to share with his wife the privilege of voting...In 1893 The first International Conference of Women was held in Chicago at that time... Mrs. Hooper became very much interested in it and heard there for the first time, a suffrage speech. It was made by Susan B. Anthony. Mrs. Hooper decided that she was tired of trying to dig a hole with a teaspoon, that what was needed was a steam shovel, so she threw all her energies into the woman suffrage movement...When Mrs. Hooper was not working in the Legislature she was making speeches through the state and doing everything she could to work up sentiment for suffrage and took a prominent part through the long fight for the franchise in Wisconsin from 1909 to 1920. She spent much time at the legislature lobbying for suffrage....Mrs. Hooper continued as speaker of the state and was in attendance at the Annual Suffrage Convention in Washington in 1915, when Mrs. Catt was elected to the presidency...One summer Mrs. Hooper invited a group of suffrage workers to make a trip up the Wolf River on her Father's boat, the MARY E. The boat was decorated with pennants and suffrage banners. They went up the Wolf River, stopping at each town where suffrage speeches were made by those on the boat...During the latter part of the suffrage campaign Mrs. Hooper spent much time in Washington, working shoulder to shoulder with the leaders who finally brought to the women of America the privilege of the ballot. She was a member of the Board of Directors of the National American Woman's Suffrage Association until it went out of existence...Mrs. Hooper was legislative and congressional chairman for the Wisconsin State Suffrage Association, and with the help of Miss. Edna Wright "put through" the presidential bill in the Wisconsin Legislature of 1920, and later worked alone, securing, also in 1920, the ratification of the Nineteenth Federal Amendment [she travelled to Arizona, Nevada, and Utah].

Following passage of the 19th Ammendment, she became active in the National League of Women Voters. She was selected by the Democratic Party of Wisconsin in 1922 to run as their candidate for the United States Senate against Robert E. La Follette, but was defeated. In 1922, Mrs. Hooper became untiring worker for world peace. She was a member of the national committee of the League of Women Voters for International Cooperation to Prevent War and in 1928 attended the Conference on the Cause and Cure of War. She also chaired the Indian Affairs Committee of the Wisconsin League of Women Voters and was an advocate for Native Americans and the Menominee Tribe in particular. She died of Cancer on May 7, 1935 in Oshkosh. She was survived by her husband, her daughter and two grandchildren. Her Daughter was Mrs. Lorna Warfield, wife of Dr. Louis M. Warfield of Milwaukee. The grandchildren were Jack Wayne Warfield and Lois Hooper Warfield.

Donated by the James sisters after Sarah James' death. Sarah S. James was born in Oshkosh, Wisconsin 1859, the daughter of Ebenezer James, (b. 1825, d. 1912) a pioneer lumberman, manufacturer, and merchant, and Mary James (b. 1838, d. 1885). She grew up in a household with six sisters (Clara, Mary, Martha, Harriet, Kathryn, & Charlotte) and one brother (William) at 98 High Street. She was admitted as a student at the Northwestern Business College, located in Oshkosh, in 1870. Sarah graduated from the Oshkosh Normal School in 1882 and also graduated from the Teacher's College of Columbia University in New York City in 1907. By 1884 she was teaching in Oshkosh High School and would continue to until 1911 when she retired to devote her full attention to the suffrage movement. She helped organize and became the president of the Equal Suffrage League of Oshkosh. Her offices were located at Room "I" in the Cook's Block. She also held meetings in her home. Sarah was also the recording secretary for the Political Equality League of Wisconsin and served as an officer alongside with Rose Swart (Oshkosh Normal School) and Jessie Jack Hooper (wife of Oshkosh Attorney Ben Hooper). Sarah helped organize local events, speaking engagements, and letter campaigns. She went to the Republican National Convention in Chicago to picket in 1920 and Washington D.C. Sarah spent the rest of her life at her home on High street living with two other maiden sisters. In February 1939, she fell walking home from downtown and broke her hip. She died at mercy Hospital on February 14, 1939.
Dimensions Dia-1 inches
Year Range from 1922
Year range to 1922
Material Celluloid/Paper/Metal
Object ID 2882-T2
Object Name Button, Political
People Hooper, Jessie Jack
James, Sarah
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Last modified on: December 12, 2009