The Oshkosh Public Museum Pipe Collection
Pipe, Calumet

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Object ID 2005.1.17
Object Name Pipe, Calumet
Count 1
Description Broad, flat stem (presumably) made from one piece of wood, oval (nearly diamond) cross section with rounded edges. Surface is smoothed and polished with natural finish. From the mouthpiece: approximately 9 cm of unornamented stem (not including mouthpiece); 2.5 to 2 cm wide encircling band of fur on skin; 10 cm section with cuts leaving 3 cylinders; the center cylinder (presumably the smoke tube) is 2 cm in diameter and continuously wrapped with strands of gold seed beads; the two outer cylinders are 1 cm in diameter and continuously wrapped with strands of royal blue/purple seed beads; approximately 16 cm of unornamented stem (middle section); 10 cm section with cuts leaving 3 cylinders; the center cylinder is 2 cm in diameter and continuously wrapped with stands of royal blue/purple seed beads; the two outer cylinders are 1 cm in diameter and continuously wrapped with strands of gold seed beads; 3.5 to 4 cm wide encircling band of fur on skin; 10 cm section of unornamented stem. The bead-wrapped central cylinders are further ornamented, from mouthpiece: pendant from one end of the cylinder is a 1 cm wide band of yellow and green seed beads, the band is folded in half where tied to the cylinder producing 2 approximately 13 cm long bands, the last approximately 3 cm is divided into two separate bands 4 mm wide, one all green seed beads, one all yellow seed beads; attached to the bottom of the smaller bands are wool yarn tassels, cream and faded green or yellow. The other end of the cylinder nearest the mouthpiece has the same pendant beadwork in white, translucent silver/gold, and translucent pink with pink tassels and green tassels. The cylinder closest to the bowl-end has only the end nearest the middle of the stem ornamented with pendant beadwork, 1 long band folded in half with gold and royal blue/purple seed beads (same as wrapped on the cylinders) and cream tassels; there is an additional band (approximately 13 cm long) with a 6 mm band of clear/translucent silver seed beads above yellow and royal blue/purple seed beads and faded blue(?) tassels. The spatulate mouthpiece, same height as the stem, was formed by curved cuts/whittles from the edges of the stem. The bowl-end of the stem is straight cut with both corners cut off at right angles and has a protruding cylinder (1 cm wide and 3 cm long) approximately 1/2 the height of the stem.

The pipe-head is brown-red pipestone; T-shaped with a round cross section and flat bottom; smoothed and polished although fabricating striations are visible. The bowl is cylindrical, approximately 3 mm narrower at base then rim. Decorations are raised encircling bands (6 to 9 mm wide); one 6 mm below bowl rim, one 1.7 cm in from stem-end, one 1.4 cm in from prow end. There are 2 raised bands (3 to 4 mm wide) that form a "V" starting at base of bowl to bottom of shank. The shank continues 10 cm in front of the bowl, is tapered and ends in a straight cut prow with an oval cross section. The encircling bands and the "V" bands do not continue around the flat bottom.

Object Late Date is the year of the Fred McKay loan to the museum, circa 1925.

Original catalog card: Locality = Wolf Settlement, Menominee Indian Reservation, received from Chief Wolf. "This is a beautiful specimen, the work done on (it) required a lot of skill and time. It is decorated with mink fur, blue and yellow beads, and seven small 5 1/2 inch bead bands, each one decorated with a wool yarn tassel. The bowl too is beautifully carved. This pipe was used during Medicine and Dream Dance Ceremonies by the pagan Menominees."
Material Wood/Stone/Wool/Glass/Fur/Hide
Date Pre 1925
Year range to 1925
Dimensions H-3 W-6.5 L-66.4 cm
Dimension notes Above dimensions are the stem only, height and width include the fur. Pipe-head: 11.2 H, 24.3 L, 3 DIAM of bowl outer rim.
Collecting location Wolf Settlement/Menominee Indian Reservation
Owned Wolf, Chief
People Wolf, Chief
Culture Menominee
Collector McKay, Fred W.
Other # L200-115/I92.2.17.1
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Last modified on: August 22, 2007