People of the Waters - Archaic
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Fluted axe; basalt; Middle Archaic. Diagonal 3/4 groove, decorative flute, mainly a Wisconsin phenomenon.
The axe head was almost done and he admired the groove he had created around the rock. The man sat along the shore with some friends and talked as they made stone axe heads. He had used a smaller stone to peck out a rough groove, and then used wet sand and another rock to grind the groove deeper and make it smooth. He was now grinding the cutting edge against a flat stone and it was nearly finished. The axe would be lashed to a wooden handle using wet rawhide.

Native people made hammers and fluted axes heads by pecking and grinding hard rock such as rhyolite and basalt. Wet unprocessed animal skin was used for lashing to a handle. The skin would shrink and harden as it dried and made a very tight and strong bond. The axes were quite efficient and were used to cut trees, trim wood, and make canoes.
Mitchell, Stephen D.
H-6.9 W-9 L-23.2 cm
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Amy Maile Photography Copyright 2017Amy Maile Photography Copyright 2017